Basic Hand Tools and Fasteners

This post will provide information on the use of basic hand tools and fasteners which includes identification, proper and safe usage and practical application. After completing this section you will be able to:

  • Provide examples of tool and fastener abnormalities to support inspection activities.
  • Identify basic hand tools and fasteners used for routine maintenance activities.
  • Demonstrate proper and safe use of the hand tools and fasteners.

Hand tools are those that are held in the hand and “powered” by the person using them.  It is important to be able to identify them and know the uses and misuses of the tools.  You will be expected to use basic hand tools as aids in cleaning, inspecting, and adjusting the equipment that you operate.  Basic hand tools that you will use to perform these tasks include:

  • Screwdrivers (regular & Phillips)
  • Pliers (slip-joint &  long-nosed)
  • Hex head wrenches (Allen set & T-handles)
  • Wrenches (combination, flex head, spanner, ratchet, tri-clover adapter)   

Because hand tools are hand powered doesn’t lessen the need for proper use and the need for observing safety precautions. The greatest hazards posed by hand tools result from misuse and improper maintenance.

Fasteners are defined as parts that serve to join two separate units into a single, rigid unit. You will be expected to use fasteners as aids in cleaning, inspecting and adjusting equipment that you operate.  Fasteners you will use to perform basic equipment care include:

  • Bolts
  • Screws
  • Nuts
  • Washers